Castle of Marbella
Pedro Gurriarán Daza, Salvador Garcia Villalobos
The objectives of the proposed intervention have the same specific and limited character as previous archaeological actions and, therefore, away from a research project capable of encompassing a structure as vast and complex as the one in question. The aim is to approach the architectural sequence of the fortress from a chronological point of view, by means of a programmed action in a single phase and with a budget allocation limited to the intended objectives.
As a result, the appearance of the walls and towers of the fortress in our days is the result of an endless number of reforms, repairs and restorations in a construction that is supposed to be more than a thousand years old. The architectural analysis of its walls is a complex task that has been preliminarily anticipated by the architects Pedro Gurriarán Daza and Salvador García Villalobos in the Master Plan document. The result is a first and brief analysis of the different types of rigs. We notice an infinity of solutions and construction materials, some deriving from recent actions with a marked contemporary character, and very evident the case of improvised consolidations or recreations with scarce basis, such as the merlons that crown the walls toward Art street.
These are specific aspects of reality, clearly complicated and riddled with shadows, of a castral complex characterized by successive uses that overlap and entangle themselves in a millennial historical dynamic. Only some clarity is glimpsed in certain formal analyzes, based on the parallelism between the headers and stretchers rigs that have been described and those of other more or less analogous fortresses. This has given rise to certain interpretations of the origins of the Marbella Castle, beyond the readings that the copious and always essential written documentation brings.
Within the set of actions carried out, the study of facades in their different aspects was a fundamental part of the analysis, being also the line of research in which the greatest methodical efforts are planned.