City Walls of Caceres
Pedro Gurriarán Daza, Miguel Matas Cascos, María Matas López
Yamur Arquitectura y arqueología s.l. / Matas
Caceres preserves one of the largest and well-preserved defensive enclosures from the Almohad period on the Iberian Peninsula from the 12th century. The part intervened focused on the eastern sector, encompassing various structures that required specific action.
Zone 1. Arco del Cristo and River Tower: The Arco del Cristo is the only preserved gate of the medieval ramparts. Both in it and in the nearby River Tower, inappropriate additions were removed, both from later reforms and recent restorations. The granite ashlars of the Arco del Cristo were restored.
Zone 2. Barbican in the San Roque sector: The restoration of the barbican wall made with cement and steel four decades ago was eliminated. It was restored again using rammed earth with lime mortar and the Almohad remains of the barbican were integrated into the new rammed earth. The evacuation of the waters from the extrados of the walls by means of a buried channel was also resolved.
Zone 3. Bastion of the Wells: One of the most important defensive elements of the Caceres ramparts, as it was built as a closed area that projected outside the fortification; its purpose was to protect an external cistern. The original rammed earth walls were restored and the restored ones in poor condition were dismantled. An attached tower that was almost destroyed was also almost completely rebuilt. The interior of the enclosure was partially emptied of earth, in order to restore the walls on its intramural face and sew worrying cracks. Railings were placed to facilitate the access of visitors.
Zone 4. Ramparts in the Olivar de la Judería: The barbican was recovered, restorations in poor condition and invented carried out in 1960-1970 were eliminated and the Almohad rammed earth walls were restored. Finally, the perimeter walls of the houses built on the ramparts in this sector were cleaned up and integrated.